Do I have to go through this process every year?

The administrative system requires that a school district convene for an IEP meeting at least once a year to assess the child’s needs and progress. If the child’s needs have changed, the recommended programs and supports may be different. Therefore, a parent will need to be active year after year to participate in meetings, consider recommendations, and determine what is appropriate for the child. That is not to say that the process will be exactly the same every year. Some years may be easier than the years before, and sometimes the process will get progressively more difficult, depending on the particular circumstances of your case. But you should expect to go through some form of the process every year.